Surrealist Art

The Red Tower by Giorgio de Chirico (1913)

Surrealist Art – Brief Introduction

Having begun in the early 20th century, surrealism is an artistic movement most famous for the writings and visual artworks of the group members.

Surrealist artworks feature non sequitur, unexpected juxtapositions and the element of surprise; however, the majority of Surrealist art painters regard their creation as the philosophical movement’s expression first and foremost, with the piece of art being an artifact. Leading surrealist, André Breton’s explicit assertion was that this style of art’s significance was to function as a cultural revolutionary movement.

Surrealist painting art developed out of the Dada activities during the Great War and Paris became the movement’s most pivotal center. From the 1920s onward, the revolutionary movement spread around the world, eventually affecting filmmaking, musical compositions and visual arts of many nations and languages as well as social theory, philosophy, political practice and ideology.

During the early 1920s the movement was characterized by gatherings in cafes where collaborative drawing games were played, surrealist art’s theories were discussed, and several techniques were developed. .

Within a short period of time more artists became involved, such as Salvador Dalí, Joan Miró, Giorgio de Chirico, Yves Tanguy, Max Ernst, Valentine Hugo, Francis Picabia, Alberto Giacometti and, Luis Buñuel, and later after WWII: Enrico Donati.

The automatic drawings by André Masson, created in 1923, often are used as the point of breaking from Dada and the acceptance of visual art, since the artworks reflect the influence of the unconscious mind’s idea. Giacometti’s ‘Torso’ from 1925 is another example, marking his movement being inspired by pre-classical sculpture and simplified forms.

However, a great example among art buffs of the line used to divide surrealist art and Dada is the pairing of Max Ernst’s ‘Little Machine Constructed by Minimax Dadamax in Person’ (1925) and ‘The Kiss’ (1927). The first is in general held to have an erotic subtext and distance, whereas the second features a direct and open erotic act.

Picasso’s drawing style and Miro’s influence are visible with the use of fluid curving, colour and intersecting lines, whereas the first presents a directness which later would be influential in artistic movements including Pop art.

Guide to Avant-Garde Theatre & Surrealism

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Added on : 2010-11-04 21:08:15


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